The project page highlights the CO2 reduction portfolio of Holbrook Travel - a US based ecotourism agency

Over 3,000 Holbrook clients have participated in ClimateSafe travel experiences since 2008. Their investements support 9 projects in the Americas.

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Fort Myers - Florida - US - landfill gas to energy conversion

Quebec - Canada - destruction of Ozone depleting substances

Gainesville - Florida - US - energy efficiency - lights

British Columbia - Canada - water to energy conversion

Gainesville - Florida - US - energy efficiency - residential homes

Alajuela - Costa Rica - carbon sequestration

Levy County - Florida - US - off grid housing

Union County - Florida - US - landfill gas destruction


Percentage slice 7 061019   Fort Myers - Florida - landfill gas to energy conversion

The facility, built in the 1990's, processes up to 1,800 tons of waste a day, generating up to 46.5 megawatts of electricity - enough to power approximately 30,000 homes.
 
Individuals in Lee County, where Fort Myers is located, generate close to 12 lbs of waste a day, whereas other, more rural locations in Florida register as low as 1.6 lbs per individual per day, largely due to differing economic conditions and near absence of collection services. Organic materials continue to be the largest component of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) - in the United States - with paper and cardboard accounting for 27 percent and yard trimmings and food accounting for another 28 percent. Plastics register at 13, metals 9, rubber, leather, and textiles also at 9, wood at 6 and glass at 5 percent.

There are a total of 88 landfill gas to energy facilities in the US, the last one being built in 1995.

waste to energy schematic.jpg


http://www.leegov.com/solidwaste/facilities/rrf/wte-how-it-works
http://www.leegov.com/solidwaste/facilities/rrf/wte

https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/nonhaz/municipal/web/html/
https://floridadep.gov/sites/default/files/2017_County_MSW_Per_Capita.pdf


 Percentage slice 7 061019 b   Quebec - Canada - destruction of Ozone depleting substances

The project activity aims at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by recovering and destructing Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) contained in refrigeration appliances.

Regrigerants, used in freezers, air-conditioning and other appliances, are powerful greenhouse gases, that as a side-effect, also destroy Ozone found in the upper layers of the atmosphere.  By removing the ODS from equipment before they can escape, we can protect the ozone layer - which stops powerful Ultra Violet (UV) light from reaching the earth's surface - as well as diminish the greenhouse effect.

The ODS recovery process is carried out in Laval, north of Montréal, and utilizes a unique automated process that dismantles refrigerators and separates those into metal, plastics, oil and refrigerant components, with special focus on CFC-12. This chlorofluorocarbon, also known as R12, is a very powerful greenhouse gas (GHG), around 10,200 times stronger than CO2 - so very important to control.

ODS destruction flow chart
O3 split chlorineOzone destruction text 061019
 

https://www.csaregistries.ca/cleanprojects/masterprojectdetails_e.cfm?pid=776
https://scied.ucar.edu/ozone-layer

https://www.environment.gov.au/protection/ozone
https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/climate/ozone-depleting-substances-and-climate-change/protecting-the-ozone-layer-while


Percentage slice 7 061019 b   British Columbia - Canada - water to energy conversion

This project, located 15 minutes from Whistler, a gorgeous ski resort in Western Canada, borrows water upstream, guides it down the mountain in large tubes, while the water picks up speed, accelerates, and gains momentum.  At the bottom of the mountain, the powerful force of the water spins 2 large turbines, that generate electricity, after which the water calmly rejoins the Soo River downstream.

The majority of electricity produced this way is used for local consumption, and when there is more production than the town needs, the energy is transmitted over the Rockies into the predominantly coal-fired grid of Alberta.

As such, this small project generates between 5,000 and 10,000 tonnes of CO2 Emission Reductions per year.

Coffee Cup

https://www.cleanenergybc.org/about/clean-energy-sectors/run-of-river
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNP28eMdxbs


 Percentage slice 7 061019 b   Gainesville  - Florida - energy efficiency - lights

Publix_CFL_May_3_2008.jpg

In this campaign, 100,000 traditional light bulbs were replaced with - 13 watt Compact Fluorescent (CFLs) bulbs in a community wide initiative.

The project was run by university students and members of service organizations, who provided volunteers at local grocery stores, public parks, libraries, and other high‐traffic locations.

Participants of the exchange filled out an information card with their name, address, email, phone number, and number of CFls received.

This information was used for follow up surveys, and to create a Google map of where the new lights were installed.  The results were the entered into a formula specifically designed to track energy reductions from lighting upgrades. In all, this community effort generated over 22,000 tonnes of CO2 reductions.

Map_of_CFLs_021919.jpg

https://www.csaregistries.ca/cleanprojects/masterprojectdetails_e.cfm?pid=172
http://gainesville-green.com/home-report?home%2Did=136989


 Percentage Box 10 b  Gainesville - Florida - energy efficiency - residential homes

In this project, Gainesville Regional Utilities (GRU) is paying the owners of highly energy-efficient homes for helping reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which could provide a preview of utility efforts to address global warming within their service territory. 

GNV_Mayor_homeowner_022019.jpgHomes in the Madera subdivision have energy-saving features such as highly insulated walls, heat-blocking windows and ultra-efficient appliances.  GRU, the local municipal power provider, teamed up with University of Florida researchers and carbon consultants to implement this project.

Pilot participants completed a detailed survey of their energy consumption habits, and were paid anywhere between $36 and $125 for the rights to their carbon reductions.  Energy experts studying the home found they used about half as much energy in as homes constructed under a similar minimum building code.

Gainesville Residents are First to Receive New Class of Carbon Reduction Certificates

188_Madera_013008.jpgGainesville, FL – Just in time for income tax filing deadline and Earth Day, 100 homes in Gainesville, FL are receiving a new class of carbon reduction certificates based on their energy consumption reductions.  This new class of carbon reduction certificates works in the same way as those for wind power, and favorably position citizens to become active as cap and trade talks pick up steam in Washington.

http://gainesville-green.com/home-report?home-id=162331&usage-type-id=1&compare-to=SUBDIVISION%3A1431&year=2016&per-ksqft=nil
https://www.gainesville.com/article/20080326/News/604158260


 Percentage Box 10  Alajuala - Costa Rica - carbon sequestration - planting native trees on deforested lands

HBT_GEG_Planting_112019  melipona 032119  Bees GEG 032119

In this project, located about 2 hours north of San Jose, Green Earth Gardens is focused on reforestation and developing tropical apiculture. These two activities are the main elements for Carbon Capture & Storage that raise public awareness about climate change issues and provide an opportunity for the revitalization of native bee species in the area. 

Since 2010, the organization has planted over 10 acres of native trees, common to the province of Alajuela (Hieronyma alchorneoides, Terminalia amazonia, Vochysia guatemalensis), to absorb carbon from the atmosphere, create shade, strenghten the soil, and provide habitat for the Melipona, a native bees of the Americas. These stingless native bees play an important role in the balance of the tropical forest through pollination of plants and trees, allowing the production of fruits, seeds and organic honey. 

The plant is gathered from the wild and used locally as a source of timber, tannins and medicines. The timber is also exported. It grows well in plantations and has been planted as a timber crop in monospecific plantations

  GEG C absorption tree b  GEG parcel Sara 102519 b  GEG C absorption tree


 Percentage Box 5  Raiford - Florida  - landfill gas destruction - CAR

https://thereserve2.apx.com/mymodule/reg/TabDocuments.asp?r=111&ad=Prpt&act=update&type=PRO&aProj=pub&tablename=doc&id1=454

The New River Regional Landfill is a municipal solid waste facility located in Raiford, Florida.

new river.jpg  HBT_NRSWA_Flame.jpg molicule.jpg

 

Government Carbon Traders

TRASH TO CASH: In Florida, the early players in the voluntary carbon markets include the New River Regional Landfill in rural northeast Florida, a joint project of Baker, Bradford and Union counties. New River is a bioreactor landfill, which means it uses liquid and air to speed up the decomposition of organic waste. The process creates an enormous amount of methane, a greenhouse gas 20 times more polluting than carbon dioxide.  800 tons a day

Officials at New River, which burns off the methane, saw how selling carbon credits might help them turn their 65 acres of trash into cash. New River joined both Chicago Climate Exchange and the Climate Action Reserve, a California-based market. New River is working with Climate Action Reserve on future credits, which the governments that run the landfill hope will generate enough revenue to build a landfill gas-to-energy system. The Chicago Climate Exchange, meanwhile, certified the landfill for about 200,000 credits — each represents one ton of carbon — for methane it already destroyed.

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